Different types of hauling trucks

Hauling goods from one place to another is not as simple as you may think, especially if you are not using the right transportation vehicle. This is why we decided to turn your attention towards several vans and trucks, and the items that they are best suited to transport.

Luton

Also known as box or straight trucks, these vehicles are classified as medium trucks and are perhaps the most used hauling vehicles on the planet. They usually range from 4 to 7 metres and are used for short and medium distance delivery jobs. Their cargo sections have one large rear door which in some case is complimented with a tail lift. Some types of Lutons have also a smaller door at the back of the cabin which allows drivers to easily access the cargo compartment and check the hauled goods for any damages. Most man and van companies use box trucks to transport mid-sized items such as:

  • Couches
  • Arm chairs
  • Beds
  • Standalone wardrobes
  • Kitchen appliances
  • Bathroom appliances
  • Larger pieces of electronics
  • Garden furnishings

Ford and Mercedes are considered to be the best luton manufacturers on the planet. The maximum payload capacity of these vehicles ranges in dependence of their maker and model.

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Flatbed lorry

Flatbed lorries can be either light or medium trucks. Their trailers can be rigid or articulate and don’t have any walls or roof. This type of vehicle is mainly used for the hauling of extra-large, super heavy and bulky items which cannot fit into standard walled trailers. They are also frequently used for the delivery of other transportation vehicles such as automobiles, small and mid-sized boats, motorcycles, small airplanes, agricultural machines, small trucks and etc. The bed is usually made of wooden planks which are coated with a protective layer. Some trucks are fitted with a hydraulic arm which facilitates the loading and unload process. The hauled goods are secured via safety straps which prevent the transported items from moving and shifting during transit. Flatbed lorries range in size and have a diverse loading capacity. While they are helpful vehicles, nowadays their usage is on the decline as most companies prefer to use trucks which have closed trailers as they offer a higher level of security and keep the hauled objects safe from natural elements.

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Van

Vans are as much used as lutons. They are identified as medium trucks but have a lighter version which is more commonly known as a minivan and is used mainly for the transportation of people. Vans just like most hauling vehicles range in size and have a payload that ranges in dependence of their manufacturer and model. They are used in numerous industries such as postal services, delivery firms, low cost man and van solutions in Abbey Wood, healthcare institutions, police and so on. Most service providers use them to carry out short distance jobs which involve the hauling of light and mid-weighted items. Ford, Fiat, Nissan and Mercedes are renowned for making the best and most durable vans in the world.

3

Tractor truck

Better known as tractor unit or semi-truck, this vehicle is a heavy truck that can be attached to one or several heavy duty trailers (closed or flatbed). There vehicles have an immense payload capacity that can reach to up to 40 tonnes. General tractor trucks have a multi-ratio transmission which enables them to have maximum flexibility in gearing. They are mostly used for large scale transportation projects and long distance hauls which involve the moving of huge quantities of goods or heavy items such as construction materials and machinery, manufacturing equipment, wooden material, vehicles, oversized items, delicate artwork and vintage furnishings and etc. The best tractor truck makers are:

  • Navistar International
  • Peterbilt
  • Volvo
  • Scania
  • Kenworth
  • Freightliner

Some units are built with a sleeping compartment that comprise of one or two beds which can be used by drivers while they are on the road.

4Ballast tractor

The ballast tractor is a specially designed and built transportation unit which is classified as a heavy hauler. It has a drawbar with the aid of which it can pull or push extremely heavy and large tailored loads. Typically these vehicles are used to haul elements which are used in the construction of oil rigs, bridges, buildings, ships, turbines, large scale generators and etc. Only a handful of countries and manufacturers produce ballast tractors as the vehicle is extremely complex and expensive to make. Many experts claim that German company MAN makes the best ballast tractors in the world.

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Heavy hauler and SPMT

Just like the ballast tractor, the heavy hauler is ranked as a heavy duty truck. It is used for the transportation of oversized items which are too large to be hauled via traditional transportation vehicle. The truck consists of a tractor unit and a multi-axled flatbed trailer known as self-propelled modular transporter (some types of trailers are fitted with independent steerable wheels in order to facilitate maneuvers in tight spaces). There are occasions in which the trailer is being pulled by one unit from the front and pushed by another unit in the back. The vehicle is so heavy that it is mostly used for short distance projects. The heavy hauler is described as an engineering marvel by experts and is perhaps the most complex hauling truck on the planet.

Stake body truck

The stake body truck is a variation of the flatbed truck. The main different is that the trailer isn’t entirely open as it has walls which are removable if the job demands its. These vehicles can be used for the same types of jobs as lutons, vans and flatbed trucks. They are also often used for the hauling of breakable items such as windows and mirrors as they can be fitted with specialised glass stands or items which must be transported in the upright position such as laundry machines, refrigerators, vending machines, standalone ovens and etc.

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Garbage trucks

As the name suggest these vehicles are specially designed for the hauling of rubbish. Their trailers have compactors which smash the garbage and therefore open more space. They are classified as heavy trucks and are mused mainly by waste clearance company and junk depots.

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